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Q. What are microbes?
A. Microbes or Micro-organisms are living microscopic organisms found naturally in our environment which consume dead organic material as a food source.

Q. What do BOD and COD stand for?
A. B.O.D. (Biochemical Oxygen Demand) is a measure of the amount of oxygen required in the biological processes that break down organic matter in water. C.O.D. (Chemical Oxygen Demand) is a measure of the amount of oxygen required to oxidize all compounds in water, both organic and inorganic. Drain systems consist of both organic and inorganic matter.

Organic: grease, oil, fats, lettuce, corn, food particles. Inorganic: soda ash, phosphates, detergent builders.

Q. What is TSS?
A. TSS (Total Suspended Solids) is a measure of the suspended solids in waste water, effluent, or water bodies, determined by tests for "total suspended non-filterable solids”.

Q. Are the microbes that Enviroway uses harmful?
A. The answer is NO! While there are harmful microbes, there are many more beneficial microbes in nature. Enviroway specifically selects strains which Mother Nature herself uses to decompose organic waste. In fact, if these microbes didn’t exist we would be up to our ears in our own waste.

Q. What are ideal conditions for using microbes?
A. Microbes are living organisms and are susceptible to environmental conditions. They are active above 4 degrees Celcius but are the most effective in the 10-15 degrees Celcius range. Ideal conditions are a warm wet area with a good food source. These conditions are found in golf course ponds, wastewater treatment facilities, food processing plants, etc.

Q. What is the difference between Bacteria and Enzymes?
A. Bacteria (interchangeable with the term microbes) are living microscopic organisms found everywhere in nature. Certain species we find useful and desirable, while others cause odours, disease and other problems. Enviroway’s strength has been to isolate and specially culture these beneficial microbes for use in a wide variety of waste degradation processes. Enzymes are chemical catalysts, created by bacteria, to break up long, complex waste molecules into smaller, simpler pieces. The bacteria can then directly digest the smaller compounds the enzymes created. Enzymes are not living organisms and do not grow or reproduce.

Bacteria are single celled living organisms that produces specific enzymes for specific purposes whereas an enzyme is a protein which acts as a natural catalyst. Enzymes alone cannot solve the problem of organic waste. Enzymes breakdown the organic waste but cannot consume it as a food source. The waste is then transferred down the line and becomes a problem at another juncture. Enzymes allow the microbes to consume organic waste at a faster rate. An important difference between enzyme-based products and bacterial products is that the enzymes can't repair themselves or reproduce. Living bacteria, however, produce fresh enzymes on a continuous basis and can bounce back following mild environmental changes.

Q. What is Bio-Technology?
A. Bio-technology means any technological application that uses biological systems, living organisms, or derivatives thereof, to make or modify products or processes for a specific use.

Q. What is Bioaugmentation?
A. Bioaugmentation is the addition of specifically formulated microbes to a waste situation. It is done in conjunction with the development and the monitoring of an ideal growth environment, in which these microbes can live and work.

Q. How are microorganisms (bacteria) helpful in wastewater management?
A. Bacteria have the capability of producing many different types of enzymes. They are living organisms that respond to their environment. In general, bacteria are capable of producing enzymes that degrade a wide variety of organic materials such as fats, oils, cellulose, xylan, proteins, and starches. It is important to note that all of these materials are polymers that must be reacted with more than one type of enzyme in order to be efficiently degraded to their basic building blocks. Nature provides a specific "team" of enzymes to attack each type of polymer. For example, there are three different classes of enzymes (endocellulases, exocellulases, cellobiohydrolases) that are required to degrade a cellulose polymer into basic glucose units. All three types of enzymes are referred to as cellulases, but each class attacks a specific structure or substructure of the polymer. Acting individually, none of the cellulases is capable of efficiently degrading the polymer. Bacteria can produce the complete "team" of enzymes that are necessary to degrade and consume the organic materials present in their environment at any given time. Moreover, bacteria can produce multiple "teams".

Q. Are microbes friendly?
A. The answer is a big YES. In fact we cannot do without these friendly microbes that nature uses to get rid of all kinds of organic waste. Microbes are the Cleanest, Safest and the Best Natural cleaning agents produced and used by nature for various forms of waste degradation, allowing us to eventually be rid of massive toxic dumps.

Q. What are Enzymes?
A. An enzyme is a protein that acts as a catalyst. The enzyme is responsible for accelerating the rate of a reaction in which various substrates are converted to products through the formation of an enzyme-substrate complex. Enzymes are highly specific and are able to discriminate between slightly different substrate molecules. In addition, enzymes exhibit optimal catalytic activity over a narrow range of temperature, ionic strength and pH.

Q. What is the composition of EnviroWay products?
A. EnviroWay products contain multi-strained microbes. These microbes produce their specified enzymes to assist in the degradation of organic waste. Information regarding microbes classification is proprietary.

Q. Are EnviroWay’s microbes genetically engineered?
A. No. The microbes that we use are formulas that are natural isolates, selected for desirable properties and challenge adapted. They are not genetically altered in any way.

Q. Are EnviroWay’s products harmful?
A. No. EnviroWay’s products contain naturally occurring bacteria and are nonpathogenic and non-toxic. Our products are on the Canadian Domestic Substance List (DSL) and are approved by the Canadian Food Inspection Agency.

Q. How long does it take for the microbes to work?
A. Different situations vary greatly. Microbes need time to establish themselves to start reproducing. In optimum situations, this occurs in 20-30 minutes, this time frame may change due to the environment.

Q. What kind of shelf life do EnviroWay bio-products have?
A. There are different shelf lives for different products, but the average shelf life is approximately 2 years. Please refer to the tech data sheets for the exact time frames.

Q. Which is better: liquids, powders, or solids?
A. Different situations call for different products. For an example, powders and solids work best for wastewater management, while for a low maintenance, automated solution for greases taps would be a liquid with a pump. Powders and solids are more stable and less susceptible to contamination. It takes a considerable amount of moisture to activate the product.

Q. Dosage rates: how much and how often?
A. In treatment situations dosages will vary. Two types of dosage rates are required: a shock dose and a maintenance dose. A shock dose is a higher quantity of microbes at a short duration. The purpose of this is to establish strong microbial activity or a biofilm. Once this is established a maintenance dose can be introduced. A maintenance dose is to reinforce the microbial activity set during the shock dose. A maintenance dose consists of a placement of a Biobrick or Bioblocks and the addition Biozyme every 2-3 days.

Q. Is it necessary to dose on a regular basis? Why isn't one dose sufficient?
A. Fresh from the pail, each strain of our bacteria has been specially adapted to prefer specific difficult-to-degrade compounds. After adapting the strains to a specific purpose, our technologist blends the strains in a particular formula to suit the intended task. Without our formulator's artificial selection process, each succeeding generation reverts more and more toward the "wild", again, preferring simpler carbon sources found in a water column. In other words, after "breeding" in a waste stream with a low concentration of the target substance, the descendants of our product become more and more indistinguishable from the wild population. Moreover initially we have to develop a biofilm of our culture. To maintain this biofilm we need to dose on a regular basis as some part of this biofilm gets washed out from a continuous flow. The continuous variations in the conditions (variable pH, temp. etc.) also disturbs this biofilm, therefore we dose regularly.

Q. If these bacteria are already present in nature, why do they have to be added to a natural system?
A. The microbes in nature are kept in check by organisms in the food chain that eat them and are not always suited to the kind of wastes in which they find themselves. The natural bacteria may not be efficient at breaking down the nutrients and compounds in the aquatic system and the byproducts may produce undesirable results and odors. By flooding the system with a carefully selected and enhanced combination of organisms, the added microbes have an enormous competitive advantage, and are free and able to handle the wastes at a given site.
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